The model described in this card segments cityscapes urban city classes within an image and returns a semantic segmentation mask.
Segformer is a real-time state of the art transformer based semantic segmentation model. SegFormer is a simple, efficient yet powerful semantic segmentation framework which unifies Transformers with lightweight multilayer perception (MLP) decoders. It then predicts a class label for every pixel in the input image. This model segments the urban cityscapes 19 classes which include:
The training algorithm optimizes the network to minimize the cross-entropy loss for every pixel of the mask.
Citysemsegformer model was trained on a proprietary dataset with more than 2 million objects for car class. Most of the training dataset was collected in-house from images from a variety of dashcams and a small seed dataset containing images from traffic cameras in a city in the US. This content was chosen to auto-label urban city classes with segmentation masks. The approximate frequency distribution of predominant classes in the dataset are as following:
|Dashcam (5ft height)||128,000||1.7M||720,000||354,127||54,000|
|Traffic signal content||50,000||1.1M||53500||184000||11000|
The inference performance of CitySemSegFormer model was measured against 300 proprietary images that were hand labelled across a variety of environments. The frames are high resolution images 1920x1080 pixels resized to 1820x1024 pixels before passing to the CitySemSegFormer model.
The KPI for the evaluation data are reported in the table below. Model is evaluated based on Mean Intersection-Over-Union. Mean Intersection-Over-Union (MIOU) is a common evaluation metric for semantic image segmentation, which first computes the IOU for each semantic class and then computes the average over classes.
The inference is run on the provided unpruned models at INT8 precision. On the Jetson Nano FP16 precision is used. The inference performance is run using
trtexec on Jetson Nano, AGX Xavier, Xavier NX and NVIDIA T4 GPU. The Jetson devices are running at Max-N configuration for maximum GPU frequency. The performance shown here is the inference only performance. The end-to-end performance with streaming video data might slightly vary depending on other bottlenecks in the hardware and software.
BS - Batch Size
|Xavier NX||AGX Xavier||Orin NX 16GB||Orin 64GB||T4||A100||A30||A10||A2|
These models need to be used with NVIDIA Hardware and Software. For Hardware, the models can run on any NVIDIA GPU including NVIDIA Jetson devices. These models can only be used with Train Adapt Optimize (TAO) Toolkit, DeepStream SDK or TensorRT.
The model is intended for primarily deploying and doing inference using DeepStream.
Primary use case intended for the model is segmenting urban city classes in a color (RGB) image. The model can be used to segment urban city transport/ setting from photos and videos by using appropriate video or image decoding and pre-processing. Note this model performs semantic segmentation and not instance based segmentation.
The model is encrypted and will only operate with the following key:
Color Images of resolution 1820x1024x3
Category label (person or background) for every pixel in the input image. Outputs a semantic of urban city classes for the input image.
Note: Please note that Citysemsegformer currently can only be used as deployable model in Deepstream. In the current version, citySemSegformer does not provide support for fine-tuning with TAO-Toolkit.
To create the entire end-to-end video analytics application, deploy these models with DeepStream SDK. DeepStream SDK is a streaming analytics toolkit to accelerate building AI-based video analytics applications. DeepStream supports direct integration of these models into the deepstream sample app.
To deploy these models with DeepStream 6.1, please follow the instructions below:
Download and install DeepStream SDK. The installation instructions for DeepStream are provided in DeepStream development guide. The config files for the purpose-built models are located in:
/opt/nvidia/deepstream is the default DeepStream installation directory. This path will be different if you are installing in a different directory.
You will need 1 config files and 1 label file. These files are provided in [NVIDIA-AI-IOT](@todo : update).
pgie_tlt_config_citysemsegformer.txt - File to configure inference settings for CitySemSegformer labels.txt - Label file with 19 classes
Convert the .etlt file to engine if you want to input the model as TRT engine. Otherwise, you can input the etlt model directly to Deepstream. In order to manually convert to TRT engine, follow the example command below:
./tao-converter -k tlt_encode -p input,1x3x1024x1820,1x3x1024x1820,1x3x1024x1820 -t fp16 -e ./bs1_fp16.engine ./citySemSegFormer.etlt
Key Parameters in
# You can either provide the etlt model and key or trt engine obtained by using tao-converter tlt-model-key=tlt_encode # tlt-encoded-model=../../path/to/.etlt file model-engine-file=../../path/to/trt_engine net-scale-factor=0.01735207357279195 offsets=123.675;116.28;103.53 # Since the model input channel is 3, using RGB color format. model-color-format=0 labelfile-path=./labels.txt infer-dims=3;1024;1820 batch-size=1 ## 0=FP32, 1=INT8, 2=FP16 mode network-mode=2 interval=0 gie-unique-id=1 cluster-mode=2 ## 0=Detector, 1=Classifier, 2=Semantic Segmentation, 3=Instance Segmentation, 100=Other network-type=100 output-tensor-meta=1 num-detected-classes=20 segmentation-output-order=1 roi-top-offset=0 roi-bottom-offset=0 detected-min-w=0 detected-min-h=0 detected-max-w=0 detected-max-h=0
ds-tao-segmentation -c configs/segformer_tao/pgie_tlt_config_citysemsegformer.txt -i $DS_SRC_PATH/samples/streams/sample_720p.h264
Documentation to deploy with DeepStream is provided in "Deploying to DeepStream" chapter of TAO User Guide.
NVIDIA Citysemsegformer model was trained to detect classes that are predominantly found in road transport setting. It relatively performs poorly on under-represented classes in our internal Intelligent Transport System dataset. Some of these classes include: rider, truck, train, motorcycle.
License to use this model is covered by the Model EULA. By downloading the unpruned or pruned version of the model, you accept the terms and conditions of these licenses
Training and evaluation dataset mostly consists of North American content. An ideal training and evaluation dataset would additionally include content from other geographies.
NVIDIA’s platforms and application frameworks enable developers to build a wide array of AI applications. Consider potential algorithmic bias when choosing or creating the models being deployed. Work with the model’s developer to ensure that it meets the requirements for the relevant industry and use case; that the necessary instruction and documentation are provided to understand error rates, confidence intervals, and results; and that the model is being used under the conditions and in the manner intended.