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monai_pancreas_ct_dints_segmentation

Logo for monai_pancreas_ct_dints_segmentation
Features
Description
A neural architecture search algorithm for volumetric (3D) segmentation of the pancreas and pancreatic tumor from CT image.
Publisher
NVIDIA
Latest Version
0.4.2
Modified
October 19, 2023
Size
978.26 MB

Model Overview

A neural architecture search algorithm for volumetric (3D) segmentation of the pancreas and pancreatic tumor from CT image. This model is trained using the neural network model from the neural architecture search algorithm, DiNTS [1].

image

Data

The training dataset is the Pancreas Task from the Medical Segmentation Decathalon. Users can find more details on the datasets at http://medicaldecathlon.com/.

  • Target: Pancreas and pancreatic tumor
  • Modality: Portal venous phase CT
  • Size: 420 3D volumes (282 Training +139 Testing)
  • Source: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  • Challenge: Label unbalance with large (background), medium (pancreas) and small (tumour) structures.

Preprocessing

The data list/split can be created with the script scripts/prepare_datalist.py.

python scripts/prepare_datalist.py --path /path-to-Task07_Pancreas/ --output configs/dataset_0.json

Training configuration

The training was performed with at least 16GB-memory GPUs.

Actual Model Input: 96 x 96 x 96

Neural Architecture Search Configuration

The neural architecture search was performed with the following:

  • AMP: True
  • Optimizer: SGD
  • Initial Learning Rate: 0.025
  • Loss: DiceCELoss

Optimial Architecture Training Configuration

The training was performed with the following:

  • AMP: True
  • Optimizer: SGD
  • (Initial) Learning Rate: 0.025
  • Loss: DiceCELoss

The segmentation of pancreas region is formulated as the voxel-wise 3-class classification. Each voxel is predicted as either foreground (pancreas body, tumour) or background. And the model is optimized with gradient descent method minimizing soft dice loss and cross-entropy loss between the predicted mask and ground truth segmentation.

Input

One channel

  • CT image

Output

Three channels

  • Label 2: pancreatic tumor
  • Label 1: pancreas
  • Label 0: everything else

Memory Consumption

  • Dataset Manager: CacheDataset
  • Data Size: 420 3D Volumes
  • Cache Rate: 1.0
  • Multi GPU (8 GPUs) - System RAM Usage: 400G

Memory Consumption Warning

If you face memory issues with CacheDataset, you can either switch to a regular Dataset class or lower the caching rate cache_rate in the configurations within range [0, 1] to minimize the System RAM requirements.

Performance

Dice score is used for evaluating the performance of the model. This model achieves a mean dice score of 0.62.

Please note that this bundle is non-deterministic because of the trilinear interpolation used in the network. Therefore, reproducing the training process may not get exactly the same performance. Please refer to https://pytorch.org/docs/stable/notes/randomness.html#reproducibility for more details about reproducibility.

Training Loss

The loss over 3200 epochs (the bright curve is smoothed, and the dark one is the actual curve)

Training loss over 3200 epochs (the bright curve is smoothed, and the dark one is the actual curve)

Validation Dice

The mean dice score over 3200 epochs (the bright curve is smoothed, and the dark one is the actual curve)

Validation mean dice score over 3200 epochs (the bright curve is smoothed, and the dark one is the actual curve)

Searched Architecture Visualization

Users can install Graphviz for visualization of searched architectures (needed in decode_plot.py). The edges between nodes indicate global structure, and numbers next to edges represent different operations in the cell searching space. An example of searched architecture is shown as follows:

Example of Searched Architecture

MONAI Bundle Commands

In addition to the Pythonic APIs, a few command line interfaces (CLI) are provided to interact with the bundle. The CLI supports flexible use cases, such as overriding configs at runtime and predefining arguments in a file.

For more details usage instructions, visit the MONAI Bundle Configuration Page.

Execute model searching:
python -m scripts.search run --config_file configs/search.yaml
torchrun --nnodes=1 --nproc_per_node=8 -m scripts.search run --config_file configs/search.yaml
Execute training:
python -m monai.bundle run --config_file configs/train.yaml

Please note that if the default dataset path is not modified with the actual path in the bundle config files, you can also override it by using --dataset_dir:

python -m monai.bundle run --config_file configs/train.yaml --dataset_dir <actual dataset path>
Override the train config to execute multi-GPU training:
torchrun --nnodes=1 --nproc_per_node=8 -m monai.bundle run --config_file "['configs/train.yaml','configs/multi_gpu_train.yaml']"
Override the train config to execute evaluation with the trained model:
python -m monai.bundle run --config_file "['configs/train.yaml','configs/evaluate.yaml']"
Execute inference:
python -m monai.bundle run --config_file configs/inference.yaml
Export checkpoint for TorchScript:
python -m monai.bundle ckpt_export network_def --filepath models/model.ts --ckpt_file models/model.pt --meta_file configs/metadata.json --config_file configs/inference.yaml

References

[1] He, Y., Yang, D., Roth, H., Zhao, C. and Xu, D., 2021. Dints: Differentiable neural network topology search for 3d medical image segmentation. In Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (pp. 5841-5850).

License

Copyright (c) MONAI Consortium

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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